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What's the best nut for your blood pressure?
I've talked about nuts quite a bit here at DrGourmet.com. Not only are nuts part of the Mediterranean Diet, there's been quite a bit of research on nuts themselves, not to mention research into specific types of nuts, including walnuts, pistachios, and almonds.
The Mediterranean Diet IS a Diabetic Diet!
Over the years there have been a number of different strategies for diabetic diets. For a long time diabetics were taught to use exchange lists. That method worked well but was cumbersome for a lot of folks. More recently the training has focused on counting carbohydrates at each meal or snack. For diabetics who take insulin being careful with regulating when and what they eat is key and counting carbs works well for them.
Mediterranean Diet vs. American Heart Association Diet
A group of researchers in Spain compared a Mediterranean style diet to a low-fat American Heart Association (AHA) type diet, showing a significant reduction in blood pressure, cholesterol, fasting blood sugar and other markers of inflammation associated with heart disease.
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People are living longer, and that means more and more people are experiencing what is known as "age-related cognitive decline," or more colloquially, dementia. That doesn't just affect those who have dementia, of course - those with aging parents will know the personal and financial burden that comes with the effects of age, even in those who do not have dementia. Unfortunately, there are no medications (yet) to treat this fairly normal consequence of age.
Just because it's "normal" doesn't mean we shouldn't try to find ways to avoid it, however. Dementia is thought to be related to the effects of oxidative stress on the brain, so it's reasonable to suppose that foods high in antioxidants might help counter that oxidative stress, thereby reducing or eliminating one of the possible causes of dementia.
PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea, or Prevention with a Mediterranean Diet) is a large-scale, prospective randomized clinical trial performed in Spain between 2003 and 2009. Over 8,000 men and women between the ages of 55 and 80 with an increased risk of heart disease (but no active heart disease) were randomly assigned to one of three diets: a Mediterranean Diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean Diet supplemented with mixed nuts, or a low-fat control diet.
I've written about research involving the PREDIMED study before. In the most recently-published article, those who decreased their intake of sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day were 48% less likely to die from any cause. In another, those consuming the most fiber, especially fiber from fruit, were 37% less likely to die from any cause. In yet a third study, those in the two Mediterranean Diet groups were 30% less likely to develop diabetes than those on a low-fat diet - without losing weight.
For today's article (JAMA Intern Med 2015;175(7):1094-1103) the researchers were able to administer standard cognitive tests to 334 men and women at both the start of the study and again at the end of the study - an average of 4 years later. These tests measured overall cognitive function, different types of memory function, attention, cognitive flexibility, and reaction time, and from those tests 3 composite scores were created for each participant: frontal cognition, global cognition, and memory.
While the participants in each of the three diet groups scored about the same at the start of the study, those in the olive oil group actually improved their scores in one specific test involving episodic memory as compared to the control group. The scores for reaction time worsened for all three groups - but least in the olive oil group.
In terms of the three composite scores, those in the mixed nuts group improved their memory composite "significantly" as compared to the control group, while the olive oil group improved its score in their frontal and global cognition composites.
The authors noted that the changes in the composite scores were very similar for both of the Mediterranean Diet arms of the study, suggesting that it's not the olive oil or the mixed nuts alone that are responsible for the diets' protective effects. While this is a smaller study, it's significant in that this was a prospective, randomized controlled trial - the gold standard of clinical research.
Living longer and living healthier is a lot more fun if you can eat great food - and a Mediterranean Diet offers all three. You can learn more about a Mediterranean Diet here at DrGourmet.com, or you can get started today by using the Dr. Gourmet Diet Plan online meal planner to see Mediterranean Diet principles applied to the American kitchen.
First posted: July 8, 2015