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Making fish stock is pretty simple.
My colleague, Chef Leah Sarris, has a great method for using all of the scraps and peelings from vegetables in the kitchen: she calls it "trash and treasure." By keeping those identified as "treasure" you have a base for homemade vegetable stock. Here's a guide to making your own vegetable stock.
Stock is technically made with bones and meat (or fish) where broth is made by simmering meat or fish only (sometimes with vegetables) or just vegetables. When you use the bones for making your stock and simmer them, the marrow and gelatin dissolves into the stock giving it a richer, silkier texture.
One of my favorite ways to make fish stock is to save the skin and bones from your dishes. Store them in a gallon Ziplock bag, and when the bag is full you can make stock. I also like to make shrimp stock by saving the shells from the shrimp when I peel and devein them. Shrimp stock does have a more subtle flavor than fish stock.
Place the fish and bones or the shrimp shells in a 4 quart pot and then fill with cold water. Simmer for about 90 minutes. Taste the stock while you are simmering to check for flavor. If it is weak, keep letting it simmer until it is stronger, more flavorful stock.
Strain the cooked fish and bones or shrimp shells and discard. Let the stock cool, then divide into containers. I like to put a cup in a single small Ziplock bag. When they are zipped closed and lie flat they freeze perfectly and when you need a couple of cups of stock they are ready to go.
Here are some great recipes for you to use your shrimp stock in:
Scallops and Grits
Garlic Chili Shrimp
Smoky Shrimp and Sausage
Shrimp with Luscious Shrimp Sauce
Jerk Shrimp Salad