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Ask Dr. Gourmet

Isn't it true that garlic CAN interact with Coumadin (warfarin)?

I came across your advice to a reader [here and here], worried if those on Coumadin (warfarin) should avoid garlic. You said that there's no interaction between warfarin and garlic, which is not true.

Garlic does not contain vitamin K so it doesn't decrease warfarin's effect, but doctors recommend being careful with garlic usage, since many studies suggest that garlic can increase the effect of warfarin, i.e. thin the blood (at it worst this could cause internal bleeding). If patient's INR levels stay within limits, the patient should stick to the amount of garlic they're consuming. However, sudden increase or decrease in garlic intake is not recommended: intake should be steady. It would be great if you could add this note to that column!

Dr. Gourmet Says...

Roasted garlic in a pan

There is no clear evidence that garlic interacts with Coumadin (warfarin) to cause problems with the bio-availability or effectiveness of the drug.

The evidence that we do have indicates just the opposite. Here are some studies from the literature that support no significant problems:

"Pharmacodynamic interaction of warfarin with cranberry but not with garlic in healthy subjects." Journal of Pharmacology

"What affects anticoagulation control in patients taking warfarin?" The British Journal of General Practice

There have been many ingredients implicated in poor control of anti-coagulation while on Coumadin. While it is clear that a high variability in consumption of Vitamin K-rich ingredients can be problematic, others have been increasingly disproven as being a problem, including garlic.

Casual, dietary consumption of garlic has not been proven to be harmful (or even offer the benefits that people claim). Garlic supplements, however, should probably be avoided because the supplement industry is unregulated and manufacturers may include almost anything in their products. As such, avoiding herbal products of all kinds is essential while taking warfarin.

This is a very good article that evaluates the problems associated with use of unregulated herbal and other supplement products:

"Buyer beware? Does the information provided with herbal products available over the counter enable safe use?" BMC Medicine

Thanks for writing,

Timothy S. Harlan, MD, FACP, CCMS
Dr. Gourmet