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Your column on fat levels in ground turkey and ground beef, raised a question in my mind. When cooking with these products, I will often sauté the meat and pour off the accumulated fat and juice. For example, I did this the other day when preparing a spaghetti sauce made with ground turkey. How much of the fat in the raw meat can you get rid of using this method?
The amount of fat in ground beef is listed as a percentage. When you see ground beef labelled 80/20 in the butcher's case that means that it has a 20% fat content. This is the most common version of ground beef sold. You can also easily find 90/10 (10% fat) and 95/5 (5% fat). Sometimes these are referred to as 90% lean or 95% lean.
It is possible to reduce the fat content of any ground beef by cooking it and then draining off the fat as you are doing. I can't tell you precisely how much fat you are getting rid of using that method but as a rule of thumb one teaspoon of fat is contains 5 grams of fat and about 50 calories. With 80/20 beef it would be easy to drain off as much as 1/4 cup or more. That 1/4 cup represents as much as 600 calories and 60 grams of fat which works out to 150 calories per portion.
The same would apply to the ground turkey. Depending on how much fat is in the turkey to begin with you might find that as much or more than the 1/4 cup of fat will drain away after cooking.
Thanks for writing.
Timothy S. Harlan, MD, FACP